Regulating Mining

Addressing human rights risks in mining lays the foundation for a just transition from burning fossil fuel to relying on renewable energy.

Human rights issues in the mining sector—including child labor, exploitation of land rights, health and safety concerns, and environmental degradation—are particularly pronounced in the context of an energy transition that requires large supplies of minerals such as cobalt, copper, nickel, and lithium. Focusing on mining in Africa and other places in the Global South, we identify and assess solutions to human rights risks to ensure a just energy transition that provides development opportunities for miners and their communities. We focus on the 40 million-person “artisanal” mining sector in which human rights risks are most severe.


See all
WEF_Making_Mining_Safe_2020-1 (1)
Making Mining Safe and Fair: Artisanal Cobalt Extraction in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

We published a white paper in collaboration with the World Economic Forum which assesses recent approaches to formalizing artisanal and small-scale mining of cobalt. The learnings from the cobalt context in the DRC can help guide companies on how to address human rights issues in their global mineral supply chains and improve working conditions of more than 40 million people in artisanal mining worldwide.


See all

Quick Takes

See all

Teaching Resources

See all
Protecting Migrant Workers
Migrant workers are, in certain industries, the most vulnerable employees in global supply chains.
Safeguarding Outsourced Labor
The Center focuses on the responsibility of international business for the well-being of workers in global supply chains, particularly those in low-wage manufacturing.